We took a day trip to the Sacred Valley and surrounding area that was fascinating. The Incas were an industrious people who seemed to be continually building.
These are the ruins of Sacsayhuaman (sounds like sexy woma).
Meticulously cut rocks to shape enormous walls. The indentations on these rocks were there to place wooden poles into them to assist the workers in positioning the huge rocks.
Why not make it just a little more work and round these huge pieces of stone? They accomplished this by taking cloth and river sand to file down the edges. They probably didn't pay they're workers overtime.
The Incas held sacred three animals: the snake, puma, condor. But they also highly regarded the llama. Here is an example where they created the figure of a llama in their stone wall.
At the Awana Kansha farm we saw expert weavers at work on colorful tapestries.
There was a display of some of the 2500 varieties of potatoes in Peru.
The cuy castles (guynea pig) are quite prevalent around Peru. They're also on the menu of many restaurants.
This piece of granite apparently was just what the Incas needed but it had a visual crack in it. So they would carve out the key-hole like figure on both ends of the crack and fill it with molten metal to prevent the rock from splitting.
Beautifully terraced hills were used to fortify the building at the top and were used to grow crops.
We arrived at Aguascalientes at night. Early in the morning we queued up for the bus to Machu Picchu.
I took an early morning hike to Wayna Picchu (also spelled Huayna Picchu). Way down below is the Urubamba River.
The trail down was unforgiving to those of large girth. I barely squeaked through.
The craftsmanship and engineering of the Inca's work was impressive. The rock extrusions were there to hang things on. Rocks were positioned with certain key rocks, so that once in place, they formed solid foundations that were not easily destroyed.
These two walls were angled precisely at 13 degrees, which happens to be the latitude of where Machu Picchu. Needless to say, not only were they proficient at stone work, but also in astronomy.